Valerian is a perennial herb, with a light brown or yellow or gray rhizome and with many thick roots (powerful odor similar to cat urine). The stem can reach up to five feet high, hollow inside, straight and slightly branched at the end. The leaves of valerian occur in opposition to each other, they are divided into many leaflets and slightly serrated. The flowers are small in size and pink and white in hue, clustering in a circle at the top of the stem and are apparent from May to August. The fruit is an ovoid achene with a feathery egret hanging over it and containing only one seed.
Valerian originated in temperate Europe and Asia and more precisely in northern Asia, then it spread to America and all over the place in almost humid and cool places and from a certain richness in various minerals of the planet. She prefers to the edges of waterways and wet meadows, marshy areas, ditches. Only the rhizome and roots have all the therapeutic components, and it is only after two years that they are harvested and preferably from September to November. The harvested parts of valerian are then dried at low temperature in order to retain all of its properties, then protected in a dry and closed packaging and protected from light.
Valériane its composition
Valerian is composed of many constituents and the main elements are valerian acids, such as valeranone and terpene acids with valerenal and organic acid esters, it also contains valerenic acids and iso-valerenic acids, malic acids, as well as alkaloids like valerine and chatinine.
Valerian also includes essential oils, borneol and eugenol, sesquiterpene alcohols with valenol and others like bornyl isovalerate and eugenyl isovalerate including bitter juices and tannins . There are also epoxy-iridoid esters with valtrate and solvaltre (valepotriates), sucrose and a resin.
Valerian and its medicinal virtues
The use of the medicinal virtues of valerian dates back to ancient Greece with Hippocrates, Dioscorides and Galen who recommended it to treat problems of insomnia. Valerian is recognized as a sedative, relaxing and calming plant, anti-convulsant and antispasmodic, relaxant and anti-epileptic.
ESCOP and commission E
Three major agencies have approved the use of valerian in the treatment of nervous agitation and anxiety, as well as sleep disorders, this is the World Health Organization (WHO ), ESCOP and Commission E.
Valerian is a medicinal plant with tranquilizing virtues and which does not have the side effects inherent to chemical equivalents, nor addiction, it reduces the nervousness associated with states of stress and anxiety, which allows for faster sleep and the duration and quality of sleep. The benefits of valerian give it therapeutic efficacy which reduces nervous fatigue, overwork, tension, stress and reduces gastrointestinal or menstruation pain.
Valerian is also used in detoxification cures from tobacco, its effects allow the reduction of the symptoms linked to this stop, the anxieties, the anxiety, the nervousness due to the withdrawal, and it brings an unpleasant taste to tobacco.
The anticonvulsant properties contained in valerian, associated with conventional medications given to epileptics, give it a preventive action against seizures and a beneficial improvement in this condition.
Valerian other uses
Valerian is useful in agricultural cultivation, it can attract earthworms which allows better aeration and soil quality, it is also a plant tonic in manure. Valerian flowers are used as a spice in cooking (Asia Minor), its essential oil is associated in different culinary products. And above all its reputation for attracting cats is highly regarded.
Valériane helps and heals
Insomnia, tobacco detoxification, anxiety in addition to conventional treatment in epilepsy, sleep disorders, anxiety, nervous fatigue, fatigue due to work, overwork, nervousness, tension, depression, depression, sedatives (internal), anxiety, menstrual pain, cramps, relaxation, stress, stop smoking, promote digestion, calm spasms, gastrointestinal pain.
The Greeks and Romans already appreciated valerian, Hildegard de Bingen advised against gout and sidelight.
Its calming virtues were not discovered until around 1800: Christoph W. Hufeland recognized that valerian root calms and strengthens the nerves.
It contains substances such as acids, volatile oils, alkaloids such as chatinine and valerine, tannins, acetic and formic acids, valerian epoxytriester, which have the ability to calm and relieve cramps.
Valerian is useful in stopping smoking, it helps prevent nervousness and anxiety due to nicotine withdrawal.
Valerian root calms all states of nervousness and promotes sleep, without drowsiness.
Description: Perennial plant with divided and pinnate leaves and pale pink flowers. Habitat and culture: Native to northern Europe and Asia, it is cultivated in central and eastern Europe. Parts used : Root, rhizome. Traditionally used for: sleep disorders, anxiety, nervous fatigue, fatigue due to work (overwork), nervousness, tension, sedatives (internal), anxiety, menstrual pain, cramps, relaxation, stress. ..
Standardized extract (0.8% valerenic acid, 1-1.5% valtrates): against sleep disorders, 400 mg to 600 mg, 30 to 60 minutes before going to bed; against anxiety, 250 mg to 400 mg, three times a day.
Note. It is sometimes necessary to take the plant for two to four weeks before you feel the full benefits, especially in cases of chronic insomnia.