It is a very bushy and leafy small tree or shrub that can grow up to 1.5 meters tall. Blackcurrant gives its name to the plant and its fruit, which is also called blackcurrant berry. The leaves of blackcurrant are triangular in shape and have a very pleasant scent, it displays three to five toothed lobes of green or red color. The flowers come in clusters, the flower petals combine green on the outside and yellow-red on the inside. The fruits are small, very dark blue to black berries with a smooth appearance grouped in clusters with an aromatic flavor, from which a thick, sour juice is extracted.
It originated in the north and in the center of Europe, spontaneously in the mountainous reliefs. Blackcurrant is cultivated in Asia, North America and especially in the North of France, and more precisely in Burgundy and near Dijon. It prefers light soils with moderate shade in temperate and humid climates. There are many blackcurrants planted in the gardens. It is said that it is acquired by cuttings which allows its multiplication.
The leaves consist of different flavonoids with rutoside and hyperoside, amino acids, tannins, proanthocyanidols, as well as vitamin C and an aromatic essence.
Blackcurrant berries contain many components that are beneficial for health. They include minerals like potassium, calcium, phosphorus, as well as magnesium and iron, vitamins, along with vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B3, vitamin B6, vitamin B9, vitamin B12, as well as vitamin E and vitamin K, and especially vitamin C. Berries also include sugars, fatty acids, polyphenols, but also anthocyanosides, flavanol heterosides and tannins.
Blackcurrant seed oil, for its part, is full of gamma-linolenic acids, omega 3s and vitamin E.
Its medicinal virtues
The berries bring a considerable help for the problems of circulation of the blood, by the flavonoids like the anthocyanin (antioxidant). The berries, also protecting the vascular system, by their hypotensive and vasodilating properties, necessary in venous insufficiency and also important for the restoration of visual function especially in order to eliminate eye fatigue.
They are effective as anti-fatigue, but also anti-infective. Thanks to its iron associated with vitamin C contained in blackcurrant berries, make it a formidable fortifier capable of warding off colds and flu, as soon as the first symptoms appear.
It is ideal in disorders of rheumatism, as well as gout and osteoarthritis. Indeed, ESCOP specifies that blackcurrant provides with its anti-inflammatory properties and its components, greater evacuation or elimination of uric acid, an important factor in its disorders.
Blackcurrant berries are favorable with their diuretic and also depurative functions, an important stimulation in the hepatic and renal system, beneficial in situations of obesity.
Blackcurrant berries, with still their anthocyanin component, allow them to be most effective due to their anti-diarrheal properties, especially in cases of dysentery (the most important form of diarrhea).
Blackcurrant other uses
It is an ideal fruit for making pastry, it is also made into jellies, jams, sorbets or even pies. But by the way, the best-known uses of blackcurrant is its famous crème de cassis, famous for making kirs with white wine or royal kir with champagne. It is important to note that blackcurrant keeps well and especially keeps its vitamin C content, whether by freezing, cooking, and even drying.