It is a small tree or shrub very bushy and leafy that can measure up to 1.5 meters high. Blackcurrant gives its name to the plant and its fruit, which is also called blackcurrant berry. The leaves of the black currant are triangular in shape and have a very pleasant scent, it displays three to five toothed lobes of green or red color. The flowers come in clusters, the flower petals combine green on the outside and yellow-red on the inside. The fruits are small, very dark blue to black berries with a smooth appearance grouped in clusters with an aromatic flavor, from which a thick, sour juice is extracted.
It originated in northern and central Europe, spontaneously in mountainous terrain. Blackcurrant is cultivated in Asia, North America and especially in the North of France, and more precisely in Burgundy and near Dijon. It prefers light soils moderately shaded with a temperate and humid climate. There are many blackcurrants planted in the gardens. It is said that it is acquired by cuttings which allows its multiplication.
The leaves contain different flavonoids like rutoside and hyperoside, amino acids, tannins, proanthocyanidols, as well as vitamin C and an aromatic essence.
Blackcurrant berries contain many components that are beneficial to health. They include minerals like potassium, calcium, phosphorus, as well as magnesium and iron, vitamins, along with vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B3, vitamin B6, vitamin B9, vitamin B12, as well as vitamin E and vitamin K, and especially vitamin C. Berries also include sugars, fatty acids, polyphenols, but also anthocyanosides, flavanol heterosides and tannins.
Blackcurrant seed oil is full of gamma-linolenic acids, omega 3s and vitamin E.
Its medicinal virtues
The berries are a huge help with blood circulation problems, thanks to flavonoids like anthocyanin (antioxidant). The berries also protect the vascular system, by its hypotensive and vasodilator properties, necessary against venous insufficiency and also important for the restoration of visual function, in particular to eliminate eye fatigue.
Blackcurrant berries are effective as an anti-fatigue, and also anti-infective. Its iron combined with its vitamin C, make it a formidable fortifier capable of preventing colds and flu from the onset of the first symptoms.
It is ideal in disorders related to rheumatism, as well as for gout and osteoarthritis. Indeed, ESCOP specifies that blackcurrant provides with its anti-inflammatory properties and with its components, a greater evacuation or elimination of uric acid, an important factor in these disorders.
Blackcurrant berries have diuretic and depurative effects, a significant stimulation of the hepatic and renal system necessary for weight loss.
Blackcurrant berries allow, with their anthocyanin component, to be most effective with its anti-diarrheal virtue.
Blackcurrant other uses
It is an ideal fruit for making pastry, we also make jellies, jams, sorbets or even pies. But by the way, the most famous uses of blackcurrant is its famous crème de cassis, famous for kirs with white wine or kir royal with champagne (to be consumed in moderation). It is important to specify that blackcurrant keeps well and especially keeps its vitamin C content, whether in freezing, cooking, and even drying.