It is a plant that can reach 1 meter to 1.50 meters in height and has a huge rhizome. Ginger is a perennial and tropical herb, whose rhizome is arranged horizontally and with different shades depending on the species, it can be gray, black, white and generally yellow inside, its pulp gives off an odor of camphor , and a powerfully peppery and tangy taste. The stem is scaly and has fairly narrow, elongated, lanceolate leaves. The flowers of ginger are arranged in irregular ways and grouped in inflorescences forming an ear of flowers, with a rather pronounced fragrance and whose hues are greenish yellow with a red corolla striped with yellow. The fruit is shaped like a small red berry and contains very few seeds.
Ginger is above all a tropical plant, which finds its origins in Asia, more particularly from India to Malaysia, with China and in particular the Island of Java. Now it is cultivated in all the hot and sunny, humid regions of the world with rich soil, in Indonesia, Nigeria, as well as in Nepal and Bangladesh, Thailand and the Philippines. The culture is quite dazzling and its rhizome is harvested after 6 to 9 months.
Ginger its composition
Ginger contains many essential compounds with mainly starch, oleoresin and aromatic essence (oil), proteins and fats.
The oil and resin extracted from ginger contain sesquiterpenes and monoterpenes with curcumene, zinguone, zingiberene, shogaol, zingiberol and bisabolene, paradol, gerenial and linalool, citronellals and neral, dietary fiber and manganese and copper.
The rhizome itself contains carbohydrates and especially starch, cellulose, enzymes with protease, proteins and lipids, vitamin A and vitamin B, as well as phenol, and minerals like manganese and copper.
Ginger and its medicinal properties
It has a worldwide reputation and from the ages, recognized by scientific circles for its various therapeutic virtues as a stimulating plant, aphrodisiac, aperitif, carminative, stomachic and febrifuge.
Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory
The rhizome of ginger is used as an anti-inflammatory in painful symptoms of inflammatory rheumatism, arthritis, and in chronic inflammatory disorders. It acts by its antioxidant capacity against cardiovascular diseases, in certain cancers and especially in diseases due to aging with Alzheimer's disease.
Different clinical trials and studies have shown the particularity of ginger on nausea due to pregnancy, motion sickness (motion sickness), side effects derived from chemotherapy and post-operative, such as vomiting. Ginger relieves and greatly reduces these unpleasant conditions and without any drowsiness. These facts are established by bodies like ESCOP and the German E Commission.
Carminative ginger, stomachic and stimulant
Scientific studies tend to show that ginger stimulates bile secretions as well as the many enzymes responsible for digestion and thus accelerates this process while reducing intestinal gas and expelling it. It also treats biliary and pancreatic insufficiencies and establishes protection on the gastric mucous membranes, and treats the various disorders of diarrhea and colic, certified by ESCOP and the German Commission E.
The rhizome of ginger has reputed aphrodisiac faculties especially in erectile dysfunction and sexual fatigue such as sexual asthenia and more specifically temporary functional asthenia and its action on the stimulation of sexual tone.
Ginger is used to treat everyday ailments, sore throats, migraines, colds and sinusitis, coughs, flu and colds and fevers.
Ginger and especially its rhizome is a very popular dish or spice in most of the dishes that make up Asian and Indian cuisine, including soups, stews and as accompaniments to fish, in sushi, breads. 'spices, and various pastries.