It is a mythical tree, with its gnarled and twisted trunk, and hard, it can grow up to twenty meters high and has a long lifespan. The olive tree has small, elongated and opposite leaves that curl at the edges and are dark green on the upper side and lighter to silver on the inside. The flowers have four oval petals and are white in color, they gather in small clusters. The fruit of the olive tree is of course the unforgettable olive which will turn green and darken and turn to a beautiful black when ripe
The olive tree culture
It took root throughout the Mediterranean basin, it is essential that the temperatures are warm, sunny and with a preference for dry climates. This world-famous olive tree is very widespread, the first producer is Spain, then comes from Italy, and Greece. It is also cultivated in Portugal, France, Croatia, then also in Slovenia, and on the other side of the Mediterranean, we find Tunisia, Morocco, and all the countries of North Africa as well as those of the Middle -East. California and Chile also operate it. The agriculture of the olive tree is called olive cultivation.
Olive leaf composition
The leaves contain different components including a major constituent that is oleuropein, as well as triterpenes such as oleanolic, crataegolide acid and ursolic acid, but also flavonoids, hesperidin, rutin, apigenin, quercetin and kaemferol. But also phenol acids with caffeic acid and tannins.
While the olive contains well on an oil rich in monounsaturated fatty acid that is oleic acid, as well as omega-6 and omega-3, and palmitic acids, sterols, beta sitosterol, triterpenes and pigments, and with a bitter principle.
Medicinal olive leaves
The leaves of the olive tree are established as a herbal remedy for high blood pressure and more specifically in restoring blood pressure by lowering it to a consistent level. Therefore, because of this virtue of reducing high tension, the leaves can treat headaches, which leads to an evolution of good circulation and dilation of the arteries.
The leaves of the olive tree also relate to the improvement of diuresis which allows a certain regression of edemas and a reduction in the blood urea level, scheme indicated in the problems of hypertensive as well as for cardio kidney.
Studies have shown that olive leaves are mildly hypoglycemic, therefore increasing the secretions of pancreatic cells of insulin, which may lead to decreased insulin intake by diabetics. The role of olive leaves for cholesterol, in lowering bad LDL cholesterol, while increasing good HDL cholesterol, which is particularly positive for diabetics.
Olive leaves also have other virtues, they have diuretic behaviors which make them essential in certain pharmaceutical compositions, as well as by these important antioxidant properties which make it possible to fight infections, beneficial for the defenses of the immune system .
The olive tree is a very old tree, at least 3,500 BC, it is said that the olive tree is the representation of longevity, wisdom, hope and above all peace. Its branch is synonymous with forgiveness, but also with victory. Its oil is highly appreciated by Mediterranean people, and it is spread around the world.